Old Historical City, County and State

Maps of Virginia

Discover the past of Virginia through State maps in our online collection of old historical maps that span over 400 years of growth. View Maps of Virginia such as historical county boundaries changes, old vintage maps, as well as road / highway maps for all 95 Counties and 38 Independent cities in Virginia.

Maps of Virginia

1630 Map of Virginia and the Chesapeake

1630 Map of Virginia and the Chesapeake

In the 1500’s the first maps of Virginia were made. More and more maps, gazetteers, and atlases have been created over the years since then. Most historical maps of Virginia were published in atlases.

The Library of Virginia collection consists of in excess of 40,000 maps and is also managed online and also also links to the Map Collection Index. See also Using the Map Collection in the Archives of The Library of Virginia.

The number of easily available maps of Virginia is rather lengthy. Maps displaying watercourses are essential for tracking down land grants and property referred to in deeds. Pinpointing no longer used place-names furthermore troubles researchers.

The Colony of Virginia was chartered in 1606 and settled in 1607 and was the first English colony in North America, following failed attempts at settlement on Newfoundland by Sir Humphrey Gilbert in 1583, and the Roanoke Island by Sir Walter Raleigh in the late 1580s.

Map of the Virginia Colony

Map of the Virginia Colony

The founder of the new colony was the Virginia Company, with the first two settlements in Jamestown on the north bank of the James River and Popham Colony on the Kennebec River in modern-day Maine, both in 1607.

The Popham colony quickly failed due to a famine, disease, and conflict with local Native American tribes in the first two years. Jamestown occupied land belonging to the Powhatan Confederacy, and was also at the brink of failure before the arrival of a new group of settlers and supplies by ship in 1610.

In 1624, the Virginia Company’s charter was revoked by King James I, and the Virginia colony was transferred to royal authority as a crown colony.

From 1619 to 1775/1776, the colonial legislature of Virginia was the House of Burgesses, which governed in conjunction with a colonial governor. Jamestown on the James River remained the capital of the Virginia colony until 1699; from 1699 until its dissolution the capital was in Williamsburg.

Map of Virginia state designed in illustration-with the counties and the county seats

Map of Virginia state designed in illustration-with the counties and the county seats

After declaring independence from the Kingdom of Great Britain in 1775, before the Declaration of Independence was officially adopted, the Virginia colony became the Commonwealth of Virginia, one of the original thirteen states of the United States. The entire modern states of West Virginia, Kentucky, Indiana and Illinois, and portions of Ohio and Western Pennsylvania were later created from the territory encompassed, or claimed by, the colony of Virginia at the time of further American independence in July 1776.

The State of Virginia was created as the 10th state on June 25, 1788. States bordering Virginia are KentuckyMarylandNorth CarolinaTennesseeWest Virginia and Washington, District of Columbia.  Virginia’s 10  largest cities are Virginia Beach, Norfolk, Chesapeake, Richmond, Newport News,  Alexandria , Hampton, Roanoke , Portsmouth  and Suffolk.

Several types of maps are useful for genealogists. Any Historical Virginia Map can indicate who owned specific property in the state and which towns held the county seat at the time.  This information is a valuable starting point for your research pointing you to the right location of records.

Map of Virginia County Formations 1617-1995

This Interactive Map of Virginia Counties show the historical boundaries, names, organization, and attachments of every county, extinct county and unsuccessful county proposal from the creation of Virginia in 1617-1995.

Virginia contains 95 counties and 39 independent cities. In 1617 the first Virginia counties were formed. They were Henrico and James City Counties. The last county to be formed was Dickenson County in 1880.


Virginia County Formation Years

Virginia County Map Abbreviations

  1. unorg. = unorganized
  2. g. = gained
  3. w. = with
  4. fr. = from
  5. atmt. = attachment
  6. exch = exchanged
  7. nca.= non county area
  8. ch. = changed
  9. Aco - Accomack
  10. Alb - Albemarle
  11. All - Alleghany
  12. Ame - Amelia
  13. Amh - Amherst
  14. Ap - Appomattox
  15. Ar - Arlington
  16. Au - Augusta
  17. Bat - Bath
  18. Bcn - Buchanan
  19. Bed - Bedford
  20. Bkm - Buckingham
  21. Bl - Bland
  22. Bot - Botetourt
  23. Brn - Brunswick
  24. Cam - Campbell
  25. CC - Charles City
  26. Che - Chesterfield
  27. Clk - Clarke
  28. Clt - Charlotte
  29. Cr - Craig
  30. Crl - Carroll
  31. Crn - Caroline
  32. Cul - Culpeper
  33. Cum - Cumberland
  34. Dic - Dickenson
  35. Din - Dinwiddie
  36. EC - Elizabeth City
  37. Es - Essex
  38. Fai - Fairfax
  39. Fau - Fauquier
  40. Flo - Floyd
  41. Flu - Fluvanna
  42. Fra - Franklin
  43. Fre - Frederick
  44. Gl - Gloucester
  1. Rbr - Rockbridge
  2. Rhm - Rockingham
  3. Ric - Richmond
  4. Rnk - Roanoke
  5. Ru - Russell
  6. Sc - Scott
  7. Sh - Shenandoah
  8. Sm - Smyth
  9. So - Southampton
  10. Sp - Spotsylvania
  11. St - Stafford
  12. Sur - Surry
  13. Sus - Sussex
  14. Taz - Tazewell
  15. Was - Washington
  16. Wes - Westmoreland
  17. Wis - Wise
  18. Wrn - Warren
  19. Wwk - Warwick
  20. Wy - Wythe
  21. Yor - York
  22. Independent - cities: Alexandria Bristol Buena Vista Charlottesville Clifton Forge Danville Fredericksburg Hampton Harrisonburg Hopewell Lynchburg Newport News Norfolk Petersburg Portsmouth Radford Richmond Roanoke Staunton Suffolk Williamsburg Winchester

Virginia County Map of Road and Highway's

The Virginia D.O.T. Highway Department has prepared a series of 2016 county road maps. These maps contain more detailed information about man-made features than the geological survey maps. In addition to roads and boundaries, these maps include rural communities, churches, and cemeteries.

These maps are downloadable and are in PDF format. The main use of these are the locations of all known cemeteries in a county and of course the various roads and church locations. These Maps are Free to Download.

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