Old Historical State, County and City Maps of Oklahoma

Maps of Oklahoma

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Any old historical map of Oklahoma can be very useful in conducting research, especially in light of the now extinct communities. Several kinds of maps are available which can help in locating land, ghost towns, or farms. Most historical maps of Oklahoma were published in atlases.

1890 Map of Oklahoma and Indian Territories

1890 Map of Oklahoma and Indian Territories

There are plat maps and other records for some of land allotments from 1889 to 1906 at the Oklahoma Historical Society’s Indian Archives.

There are many plat maps of Oklahoma, case entry files and original tract books at the BLM. The New Mexico State Office for the BLM houses plat maps and tract book copies. There are 72 volumes of Oklahoma Federal Tract Books at the Oklahoma Historical Society.

When the Native Americans were given land allotments in 1889. The National Archives in Fort Worth, Texas and the BIA in Muskogee, Oklahoma each hold some of the original plat maps and land descriptions for the Native Americans land allotments in 1889.

1836 Map of Indian territory

1836 Map of Indian territory

Both the National Archives and the Santa Fe, New Mexico BLM have copies of the plat maps and tract books. Seventy-two Oklahoma Federal Tract Books are on microfilm at the Oklahoma Historical Society.

Francisco Vásquez de Coronado first explored the region for Spain in 1541. The U.S. acquired most of Oklahoma in 1803 in the Louisiana Purchase from France; the Western Panhandle region became U.S. territory with the annexation of Texas in 1845.

On April 22, 1889, the first day homesteading was permitted, 50,000 people swarmed into the area. Those who tried to beat the noon starting gun were called “Sooners,” hence the state’s nickname.

The Indian Territory was created from the Indian Intercourse Act on June 30, 1834 and existed until May 2, 1890. The Indian Territory was divided into Indian Territory and Oklahoma Territory May 2, 1890, and the two were combined to make a new state in 1907.

The State of Oklahoma admitted the union as the 46th state on November 16, 1907. Oklahoma currently has 77 Counties.

Map of Oklahoma State with the Counties and the County Seats

Map of Oklahoma State with the Counties and the County Seats

States bordering Oklahoma are ArkansasColoradoKansasMissouriNew Mexico and  Texas. The 10 largest cities in Oklahoma are Oklahoma City, Tulsa, Norman, Lawton, Broken Arrow, Edmond, Moore, Midwest City, Enid and Stillwater.

Old Oklahoma Maps can indicate who owned specific property in the state and which towns held the county seat at the time.  This information is a valuable starting point for your research pointing you to the right location of records. Several types of maps are useful for genealogists.

Tracing the history of early families in Oklahoma is much easier if the researcher has an understanding of the types Oklahoma gazetteers and maps.

Map of Oklahoma County Formations 1819-1912

This Interactive Map of Oklahoma Counties show the historical boundaries, names, organization, and attachments of every county, extinct county and unsuccessful county proposal from 1819 to 1912.

Oklahoma contains 77 counties. In 1886 the first Oklahoma county was Greer County and the last county to be formed was Cotton County in 1912.

Oklahoma County Map Formation by Year

Oklahoma Map Abbreviations

  1. unorg. = unorganized
  2. g. = gained
  3. w. = with
  4. fr. = from
  5. atmt. = attachment
  6. exch = exchanged
  7. nca.= non county area
  8. ch. = changed
  9. Ad – Adair
  10. Al – Alfalfa
  11. At – Atoka
  12. Bea – Beaver
  13. Bec – Beckham
  14. Bla – Blaine
  15. Bry – Bryan
  16. Cad – Caddo
  17. Can – Canadian
  18. Car – Carter
  19. Chk – Cherokee
  20. Cho – Choctaw
  21. Ci – Cimarron
  22. Cl – Cleveland
  23. Coa – Coal
  24. Com – Comanche
  25. Cot – Cotton
  26. Cra – Craig
  27. Cre – Creek
  28. Ctr – Custer
  29. Del – Delaware
  1. Dew – Dewey
  2. El – Ellis
  3. Gdy – Grady
  4. Gfd – Garfield
  5. Gnt – Grant
  6. Grr – Greer
  7. Gvn – Garvin
  8. Has – Haskell
  9. Hmn – Harmon
  10. Hpr – Harper
  11. Hu – Hughes
  12. Je – Jefferson
  13. Jo – Johnston
  14. Jsn – Jackson
  15. Kay – Kay
  16. Kin – Kingfisher
  17. Kio – Kiowa
  18. La – Latimer
  19. LF – Le Flore
  20. Li – Lincoln
  21. Log – Logan
  22. Lov – Love
  23. Maj – Major
  24. Mar – Marshall
  25. May – Mayes
  26. McI – McIntosh
  27. MCl – McClain
  28. MCu – MCurtain
  1. Mur – Murray
  2. Mus – Muskogee
  3. Nob – Noble
  4. Now – Nowata
  5. Okf – Okfuskee
  6. Okl – Oklahoma
  7. Okm – Okmulgee
  8. Os – Osage
  9. Ot – Ottawa
  10. Paw – Pawnee
  11. Pay – Payne
  12. Pit – Pittsburg
  13. Pon – Pontotoc
  14. Pot – Pottawatomie
  15. Pu – Pushmataha
  16. RM – Roger Mills
  17. Rrs – Rogers
  18. Sem – Seminole
  19. Seq – Sequoyah
  20. St – Stephens
  21. Te – Texas
  22. Til – Tillman
  23. Tsa – Tulsa
  24. Wag – Wagoner
  25. Wds – Woods
  26. Wdw – Woodward
  27. Wta – Washita
  28. Wtn – Washington

Old Historical Atlas Maps of Oklahoma

This Historical Oklahoma Map Collection are from original copies so you can see Oklahoma as our ancestors saw them over a hundred years ago.

Some Oklahoma map years (not all) have cities, railroads, P.O. locations, township outlines and other features useful to the Oklahoma researcher.

  • 1880 1880 Map of Indian Territory - Entered 1879 by S. Augustus Mitchell. This map shows Indian reservations, settlements, railroads, rivers, etc.
  • 1890 Map of Indian Territory And Oklahoma - the 11th Census of the U.S titled Indians Taxed and Not Taxed, dealing with statistical and historical information from the census regarding the Indians. Has a list of railroads authorized by Congress to be built in the Indian Territory and Oklahoma, statistics on the Indian populations and land holdings, and "References" for symbols on the map.

External Oklahoma Map Links

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