Old Historical State, County and City Maps of Florida

Maps of Florida

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Most historical maps of Florida were published in atlases. Within the atlases are historical maps, illustrations, and histories many of which contain family names ideal for genealogical research. Others are rare antique maps dating back as early as 1548.

Map of Florida state designed in illustration with the counties and the county seats
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Map of Florida state designed in illustration with the counties and the county seats

The Florida Territory was organized on March 30, 1821. The State of Florida was created as the 27th state on March 3, 1845. States bordering Florida are Georgia and Alabama.

Several types of maps are useful for genealogists. Some give historical background of the area or show migration routes such as roads, rivers, and railroads. Topographical maps show physical features, such as creeks and hills, and man-made features, such as roads, cemeteries, and churches. Plat and land ownership maps and other types of maps are described in United States Maps.

One of the biggest Caribbean and Florida map collections available are in Gainesville at the P. K. Yonge Library of Florida History, which is part of the University of Florida Libraries. Many of the maps are either prints or originals.

Many images of Florida maps from 1564 to 1926 can also be viewed online, which includes the Sanborn maps for the state. Many early to modern Florida maps can also be found in Florida Historical Society Library.

Maps from all the following sources are included in the PALMM World Map Collection:

  • Florida Department of Environmental Protection
  • Florida International University
  • Florida State University
  • University of Florida
  • University of Miami
  • University of North Florida
  • University of South Florida

The Sanborn maps were made between the late 1800s and the early 1900s. Urban areas may also have other fire insurance maps available. A set of original Sanborn map duplicate copies can be found at the University of Florida Libraries Map Department, where the Library of Congress transferred them. This collection is also available on microfilm in many libraries across the country. Online catalogs may list libraries that have the collection on file

Any Historical Florida Map can indicate who owned specific property in the state and which towns held the county seat at the time.  This information is a valuable starting point for your research pointing you to the right location of records.

Map of Florida County Formations 1821 to 1997

This Interactive Map of Florida Counties show the historical boundaries, names, organization, and attachments of every county, extinct county and unsuccessful county proposal from the creation of Florida in 1821 to 1997.

Florida contains 67 counties. Escambia and Saint Johns Counties was the first counties created in 1821. The last county to be formed was Gilchrist County in 1925.

Florida County Map Formation by Year

Florida Map Abbreviations

  1. unorg. = unorganized
  2. g. = gained
  3. w. = with
  4. fr. = from
  5. atmt. = attachment
  6. exch = exchanged
  7. nca.= non county area
  8. ch. = changed
  9. Al  – Alachua County
  10. Bak – Baker County
  11. Bay – Bay County
  12. Bra – Bradford County
  13. Bre – Brevard County
  14. Bro – Broward County
  15. Ca  – Calhoun County
  16. Ch  – Charlotte County
  17. Ci  – Citrus County
  18. Cl  – Clay County
  19. Clb – Columbia County

Old Historical Atlas Maps of Florida

This Historical Florida Map Collection are from original copies so you can see Florida as our ancestors saw them over a hundred years ago.

Some Florida map years (not all) have cities, railroads, P.O. locations, township outlines and other features useful to the Florida researcher.

1776 Map of Florida
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1776 Map of Florida

1776 Map of Florida

Thomas Jefferys' map of Florida and the Gulf Coast, from Jeffreys' West India Atlas.

Jeffery's map is the earliest obtainable large format map to treat Florida and the Gulf Coast region with such remarkable detail, including soundings and rhumb lines.

The map identifies the trade routes then being utilized by the English, Spanish, and other maritime sea powers, along the gulf coast, past the Florida Keys and through the channel separating Florida from the Bahamas.

Several important anchorage points are noted with ships along the coast line. The map shows many early place names, both along the coastline and the interior.

1817 Map of Florida


Colored by county.

Meridians Greenwich and Washington.

Swamps, shoals, banks, and rocks shown.

1831 Map of Florida
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1831 Map of Florida

1831 Map of Florida

Rare first state of Finley's map of Florida, which first appaered in Finley's New General Atlas in 1831, one of the earliest maps of Florida to appear in a commercial atlas.

In place of the massive Mosquito County shown on the 1826 map, there is a large area (green) labeled Seminoles and Indian Reserve.

The remainder of the Florida peninsula is dominated by Alchua County (extending from Charlotte Harbor to the Georgia State Line and Roe County. There are a few other county updates along the Gulf Coast.

The 1831 map is also significantly more detailed than Finley's earlier map. The mythical river near the East Coast of Florida is gone, replaced by hills and and an number of early roads.

Many more towns and other features are noted. Large insets of Tallahasee and Pensacola.

1833 Map of Florida

Sites/facts specific to this historic state map are: Original Counties of: Escambia, Walton, Jackson, Washington, Franklin, Gadsden, Leon, Madison, Hamilton, Columbia, Nassau, Duval, Alachusa, Mosquito, Monroe, and the Indian Reserve.

Inserts of: The Plan of Tallahassee, Harbor of St. Augustine, and Plan of Pensacola.

The following towns are featured in this map: Jacksonville, Dunns, Tallahassee, Richardson, Cape Canaveral, Volusia, Hickstown, Tolosa, and Quincy.

1845 Map of Florida
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1845 Atlas Map of Florida

Detailed territorial map of Florida. Shows early counties (approximately 20), towns, roads, canals, forts, keys, islands, rivers, swamps, Indians, lighthouses, etc.

Scarce detailed map of Florida 3 years before it became a state. Large inset of Western Florida and nice treatment of the Keys, extending west to Tortugas Bank and including the vast majority of the Keys.


1856 Map of Florida

Sites/facts specific to this historic state map are: Original Counties of: Putnam, Escampia, Leon, St. John, Santa Rosa, Wakulla, Levy, Walton, Jefferson, Marion, Holmes, Madison, Sumter, Washington, Hamilton, Hernando, Jackson, Columbia, Volusia, Calhoun, Nassau, Orange, Franklin, Duval, Hillsboro, Gadsden, Alachua, Brevard, Manatee, Monroe, and Dade. The following towns are featured in this map: Marianna, Holmes Valley, Thomasville, Tallahassee, Jasper, St. Mary's, Ocala, Tampa, and Bayport.

1860 Map of Florida
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1860 Map of Florida and South Carolina

This is an 1861 Samuel Augustus Mitchell, Jr. map of Florida and South Carolina. The map depicts the region surrounding the state of Florida from eastern Louisiana to the Atlantic Ocean and from Georgia and Alabama to the Strait of Florida.

South Carolina, which is situated in the lower left quadrant, is illustrated from Georgia to the Atlantic Ocean and from North Carolina to Savannah, Georgia.

Individual counties are illustrated, labeled, and shaded different colors to allow for easy differentiation in both Florida and South Carolina. Cities, towns, and villages are labeled in both states as well. Florida's nascent rail network is illustrated, with completed routes only in the northern part of the state, one of which connects Tallahassee with Jacksonville. A spur line between St. Marks and Tallahassee also appears to be in service, allowing cargo to be shipped from Appalachie Bay to Tallahassee.

The rail network in South Carolina is much more extensive than the one in Florida, and the South Carolina Railroad and the Northeastern Railroad. The Northeastern was only completed in 1856 and connected Charleston, South Carolina with Florence, South Carolina. The Georgia Central Railroad, which connected with the South Carolina Railroad at Augusta, Georgia and Hamburg, South Carolina (located across the Savannah River from each other) is also illustrated.

An inset map of Charleston Harbor is also present in the lower left corner of the South Carolina map. This map labels numerous locations in the vicinity of the city of Charleston, including Fort Sumter (Fort Sumpter), where the first shots of the American Civil War were fired on April 12, 1861.

This map was prepared by S. A. Mitchell Jr. for inclusion in the 1861 edition of Mitchell's New General Atlas. Like many American map publishers of this period, Mitchell did not regularly update his copyrights, consequently this map is dated and copyrighted to 1860: 'Entered according to Act of Congress in the Year 1860 by S. Augustus Mitchell Jr. in the Clerk's Office of the District Court of the U.S. for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania.'

1866 Map of Florida
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1866 Map of Florida

Sketch of the Public Surveys In Florida To Accompany The Annual Report of the Commessioner of the Land Office For 1866

1870 Map of Florida
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1870 County Map of Florida, Mobile by S. Augustus Mitchell

Hand colored map with inset. Shows settlements, railroads, etc.; Mobile map shows wards. Prime meridians: Greenwich and Washington.

A large detailed inset plan of the city of Mobile, Alabama is at bottom left. Within the city map are identified numerous specific buildings, such as the city jail, water works, Odd Fellow Hall, train depot, municipal offices, Customs House, etc.

1880 Map of Florida
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1880 County Map of Florida with Mobile. Entered ... 1879 by S. Augustus Mitchell

Hand colored map with inset. Shows settlements, railroads, etc.; Mobile map shows wards. Prime meridians: Greenwich and Washington.

1890 Map of Florida
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1890 Map of Florida

Hand colored. Shows settlements, railroads, rivers, etc. Inset: Southern portion of Florida. Prime meridians: Greenwich and Washington.

External Florida Map Links

  • 1822 Florida Map - Carey & Lea's map of Florida, one of the earliest obtainable separate maps of Florida following its admission as a Territory in July 1821.The map pre-dates all but St. John's County, with the only delineated divisions being East and West Florida. The interior river system is still largely anecdote and conjecture. Two roads lead west out of St. Augustine, one to Rollstown on the St. Johns River and the other to Ivitachua. A number of early northern forts are listed, including Ft. Barancas, Ft. Gadsden or Collinton, Ft. St. Marks, Ft. Poppa, Picolota Ft., and a British Fort erected during the war on the Appalachiola River.

    The map shows a small number of early towns. The surrounding text is very interesting, especially given the proximity of the publication of the map to Florida's admission as a Territory.

  • 1823 Florida Map
  • 1825 Florida Map
  • 1834 Florida Map
  • 1838 Florida Map
  • 1865 Florida Map
  • 1869 Florida Map
  • 1874 Florida Map
  • 1878 Florida Map
  • 1884 Florida Map
  • 1886 Florida Map
  • 1903 Florida Map

Florida County Map of Road and Highway's

The Florida Department of Transportation has prepared a series of county road maps. These maps contain more detailed information about man-made features than the geological survey maps.

In addition to roads and boundaries, these maps include rural communities, churches, and cemeteries. T

These maps are downloadable and are in PDF format. The main use of these are the locations of all known cemeteries in a county and of course the various roads and church locations. These Maps are Free to Download.

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