Old Historical City, County and State

Maps of Alabama

Discover the past of Alabama through State maps in our online collection of old historical maps that span over 200 years of growth. View Alabama Maps such as historical county boundaries changes, old vintage maps, as well as road / highway maps for all 67 counties in Alabama.

Maps of Alabama

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Several types of maps are useful for genealogists. Some give historical background of the area or show migration routes, such as, roads, rivers, and railroads. Topographical maps show physical features, for example, creeks and hills and man-made features, like roads, cemeteries, and churches. Plat and land ownership maps and other types of maps are described in United States Maps.

Our collection of old historical Alabama maps spans over 200 years of growth. Most historical maps of Alabama were published in atlases.

State Map of Alabama detailing counties and county seats.

State Map of Alabama detailing counties and county seats.

Within the atlases are historical maps, illustrations, and histories many of which contain family names ideal for genealogical research. Others are rare antique maps dating back as early as 1778.

The Alabama Territory was organized on March 3, 1817. The State of Alabama was created as the 22nd state on December 14, 1819. States bordering Alabama are FloridaGeorgiaMississippi and Tennessee.

Several books with maps exist of Alabama locations, named places, and boundaries. All of Alabama has been mapped in cooperation with the U.S. Geological Survey and the Geological Survey of Alabama.

These topographic quadrangle maps show selected artificial and natural features, as well as, the shape and elevation of features. Features include state, county, and municipal boundary lines; townships, ranges, roads, railroads, and buildings; and mountains, valleys, streams, and rivers.

The earliest survey maps for Alabama are dated from 1901. Modern maps are indexed at the USGS website.

Another important series of maps for incorporated municipalities is the Sanborn Fire Insurance maps. These maps include 110 Alabama communities that date from 1884 to 1950.

The maps indicate street names, property boundaries, building use, and, in some cases, property owners. Originals are available in the Library of Congress and in the University of Alabama Library.

a href=”https://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B0006CA4SA?ie=UTF8&tag=southeasterng-20&linkCode=as2&camp=1789&creative=9325&creativeASIN=B0006CA4SA” target=”_blank” rel=”nofollow noopener”>A list of nineteenth century maps of the State of Alabama is helpful in identifying and locating early Alabama maps. The list includes the holdings of the library of the Alabama Department of Archives and History, Auburn University in Auburn, University of Alabama, Samford University, Mobile Public Library, and Birmingham Public Library. Descriptive annotations, as well as, detailed physical descriptions add to the usefulness of the list.

Old Historical Atlas Maps of Alabama

This Historical Alabama Map Collection are from original copies, so you can see Alabama as our ancestors saw them over a hundred years ago. Alabama was at one-time part of Georgia and the Mississippi Territory before becoming a state.

Some map years of Alabama have cities, railroads, P.O. locations, township outlines, and other features useful to the Alabama researcher.

External Alabama Map Links

Map of Alabama County Formations 1818-1980

This Interactive Map of Alabama Counties show the historical boundaries, names, organization, and attachments of every county, extinct county and unsuccessful county proposal from 1818 to 1980.

Alabama contains 67 counties. Alabama Counties were first formed while part of the Mississippi Territory and after that the Alabama Territory.

Washington County was the first county created on June 4, 1800. The last county to be formed was Houston County on February 9, 1903.


Alabama County Map Formation by Year

Alabama Map Abbreviations

  1. unorg. = unorganized
  2. g. = gained
  3. w. = with
  4. fr. = from
  5. atmt. = attachment
  6. exch = exchanged
  7. nca.= non county area
  8. ch. = changed
  9. Au - Autauga Co.
  10. Bal - Baldwin Co.
  11. Bar - Barbour Co.
  12. Bi - Bibb Co.
  13. Bl - Blount Co.
  14. Bul - Bullock Co.
  15. But - Butler Co.
  16. Cal - Calhoun Co.
  17. Cha - Chambers Co.
  18. Che - Cherokee Co.
  19. Chi - Chilton Co.
  20. Cho - Choctaw Co.
  21. Cle - Cleburne Co.
  22. Clk - Clarke Co.
  23. Cly - Clay Co.
  24. Cof - Coffee Co.
  25. Col - Colbert Co.

Alabama County Map of Road and Highway's

The Alabama Highway Department has prepared a series of county road maps. These maps contain more detailed information about man-made features than the geological survey maps. In addition to roads and boundaries, these maps include rural communities, churches, and cemeteries.

The maps are available for a nominal fee from the Alabama Highway Department, Bureau of Planning and Programming, Montgomery, AL 36130.

These maps can be downloaded and are in a PDF format. The main use of these are the locations of all known cemeteries in a county and of course the various roads and church locations. These maps are free to download.

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