Old Historical State, County and City Maps of Maine

Maps of Maine

Most historical maps of Maine were published in atlases. Within the atlases are historical maps, illustrations, and histories many of which contain family names ideal for genealogical research.

Maine State Archives has a computerized index of its fine map collection for Maine after statehood, but it is the Massachusetts State Archives that holds the important lotting maps for the pre-statehood development of Maine.

State Map of Maine with the counties and the county seats
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State Map of Maine with the counties and the county seats

Included in many of the maps are location of residences and names of owners.

The people of Maine requested to be under the jurisdiction of Massachusetts and they got their wish in 1652. Before statehood, Maine was officially part of the state of Massachusetts and was called the District of Maine.

The State of Maine was created as the 23rd state on March 15, 1820. States bordering Maine are New Hampshire and Canada.

The 10 largest cities are Portland, Lewiston, Bangor, South Portland, Auburn, Biddeford, Sanford, Brunswick, Augusta and Scarborough.

Several types of maps are useful for genealogists. A Historical Maine Map can indicate who owned specific property in the state and which towns held the county seat at the time. 

This information is a valuable starting point for your research pointing you to the right location of records.

Map of Maine County Formations 1713-1913

This Interactive Map of Maine Counties show the historical boundaries, names, organization, and attachments of every county, extinct county and unsuccessful county proposal from the creation of Maine from 1713 1913. Maine contains 16 counties

Maine County Map Formation by Year

Maine Map Abbreviations

  1. unorg. = unorganized
  2. g. = gained
  3. w. = with
  4. fr. = from
  5. atmt. = attachment
  6. exch = exchanged
  7. nca.= non county area
  8. ch. = changed
  1. An  – Androscoggin
  2. Ar  – Aroostook
  3. Cu  – Cumberland
  4. Fr  – Franklin
  5. Ha  – Hancock
  6. Ke  – Kennebec
  7. Kn  – Knox
  8. Li  – Lincoln
  1. Ox  – Oxford
  2. Pe  – Penobscot
  3. Pi  – Piscataquis
  4. Sa  – Sagahadoc
  5. So  – Somerset
  6. Wal – Waldo
  7. Was – Washington
  8. Yo  – York

Old Historical Atlas Maps of Maine

This Historical Maine Map Collection are from original copies so you can see Maine as our ancestors saw them over a hundred years ago.

Some Maine map years (not all) have cities, railroads, P.O. locations, township outlines and other features useful to the Maine researcher.

External Maine Map Links


Maine County Map of Road and Highway’s

The Maine D.O.T. Highway Department does not have Maine County Map available at this time.

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