Old Historical City, County and State Maps of Virginia

Our collection of old historical maps of Virginia span over 400 years of growth. View Virginia Maps such as historical county boundaries changes, old vintage maps, as well as road / highway maps for all 95 counties and 39 Independent Cities in Virginia.

Maps of Virginia

1630 Map of Virginia and the Chesapeake

1630 Map of Virginia and the Chesapeake

Most historical maps of Virginia were published in atlases. The Colony of Virginia was chartered in 1606 and settled in 1607 and was the first English colony in North America, following failed attempts at settlement on Newfoundland by Sir Humphrey Gilbert in 1583, and the Roanoke Island by Sir Walter Raleigh in the late 1580s.

The founder of the new colony was the Virginia Company, with the first two settlements in Jamestown on the north bank of the James River and Popham Colony on the Kennebec River in modern-day Maine, both in 1607.

The Popham colony quickly failed due to a famine, disease, and conflict with local Native American tribes in the first two years. Jamestown occupied land belonging to the Powhatan Confederacy, and was also at the brink of failure before the arrival of a new group of settlers and supplies by ship in 1610.

Map of the Virginia Colony

Map of the Virginia Colony

In 1624, the Virginia Company’s charter was revoked by King James I, and the Virginia colony was transferred to royal authority as a crown colony.

From 1619 to 1775/1776, the colonial legislature of Virginia was the House of Burgesses, which governed in conjunction with a colonial governor. Jamestown on the James River remained the capital of the Virginia colony until 1699; from 1699 until its dissolution the capital was in Williamsburg.

After declaring independence from the Kingdom of Great Britain in 1775, before the Declaration of Independence was officially adopted, the Virginia colony became the Commonwealth of Virginia, one of the original thirteen states of the United States. The entire modern states of West Virginia, Kentucky, Indiana and Illinois, and portions of Ohio and Western Pennsylvania were later created from the territory encompassed, or claimed by, the colony of Virginia at the time of further American independence in July 1776.

Map of Virginia state designed in illustration-with the counties and the county seats

Map of Virginia state designed in illustration-with the counties and the county seats

The State of Virginia was created as the 10th state on June 25, 1788. States bordering Virginia are KentuckyMarylandNorth CarolinaTennesseeWest Virginia and Washington, District of Columbia.  Virginia’s 10  largest cities are Virginia Beach, Norfolk, Chesapeake, Richmond, Newport News,  Alexandria , Hampton, Roanoke , Portsmouth  and Suffolk.

Several types of maps are useful for genealogists. n the 1500s the first Virginia maps, were made. More and more maps, gazetteers, and atlases have been created over the years since then.

The Library of Virginia collection consists of in excess of 40,000 maps and is also managed online and also also links to the Map Collection Index. See also Using the Map Collection in the Archives of The Library of Virginia.

The number of easily available maps of Virginia is rather lengthy. Maps displaying watercourses are essential for tracking down land grants and property referred to in deeds. Pinpointing no longer used place-names furthermore troubles researchers.

Any Historical Virginia Map can indicate who owned specific property in the state and which towns held the county seat at the time.  This information is a valuable starting point for your research pointing you to the right location of records.

Solving Research Problems with a Virginia Maps – If you have started your family research, you might have experienced trouble with trying to identify Virginia city borders and names that have changed over the course of time. This can make it difficult to understand where your ancestors’ information is kept.

Because Virginia historic maps were usually commissioned by the county seat, they often display information about the county, including town names. Reading a Virginia map from the time period you are researching can help tremendously in solving these problems by leading you to the correct town records. It can also give you other leads, such as the location of city directories or old post offices in Virginia.

Choosing the Best Virginia Map – If you have a large source of maps to choose from, try starting with the area where your ancestors resided and looking for the maps with the most detail.  You can determine a lot by seeing if the area was still rural or more developed, and how far it was to the nearest city.  This can shed light on your family’s lifestyle and occupation. Were they farmers who lived in the country, or merchants who traveled often to a nearby city?  A map can give you an idea of what occupations were possible.

Map of Virginia County Formations 1617-1995

This Interactive Map of Virginia Counties show the historical boundaries, names, organization, and attachments of every county, extinct county and unsuccessful county proposal from the creation of Virginia in 1617-1995. Virginia contains 95 counties and 39 independent cities.

In 11617 the first Georgia counties were formed. They were Henrico and James City Counties. The last county to be formed was Dickenson County in 1880.

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Virginia County Formation Years

Virginia Map Abbreviations

  1. unorg. = unorganized
  2. g. = gained
  3. w. = with
  4. fr. = from
  5. atmt. = attachment
  6. exch = exchanged
  7. nca.= non county area
  8. ch. = changed
  9. Aco – Accomack
  10. Alb – Albemarle
  11. All – Alleghany
  12. Ame – Amelia
  13. Amh – Amherst
  14. Ap – Appomattox
  15. Ar – Arlington
  16. Au – Augusta
  17. Bar – Barbour (WV)
  18. Bat – Bath
  19. Bcn – Buchanan
  20. Bed – Bedford
  21. Ber – Berkeley (WV)
  22. Bkm – Buckingham
  23. Bl – Bland
  24. Boo – Boone (WV)
  25. Bot – Botetourt
  26. Bra – Braxton (WV)
  27. Brn – Brunswick
  28. Bro – Brooke (WV)
  29. Cab – Cabell (WV)
  30. Cal – Calhoun (WV)
  31. Cam – Campbell
  32. CC – Charles City
  33. Che – Chesterfield
  34. Clk – Clarke
  35. Clt – Charlotte
  36. Cly – Clay (WV)
  37. Cr – Craig
  38. Crl – Carroll
  39. Crn – Caroline
  40. Cul – Culpeper
  41. Cum – Cumberland
  42. Dic – Dickenson
  43. Din – Dinwiddie
  44. Do – Doddridge (WV)
  45. EC – Elizabeth City
  46. Es – Essex
  47. Fai – Fairfax
  1. Fau – Fauquier
  2. Fay – Fayette (WV)
  3. Flo – Floyd
  4. Flu – Fluvanna
  5. Fra – Franklin
  6. Fre – Frederick
  7. Gl – Gloucester
  8. Gls – Giles
  9. Gmr – Gilmer (WV)
  10. Go – Goochland
  11. Gra – Grant (WV)
  12. Gra – Grayson
  13. Grb – Greenbrier (WV)
  14. Grn – Greene
  15. Gvl – Greensville
  16. Hal – Halifax
  17. Ham – Hampshire (WV)
  18. Hck – Hancock (WV)
  19. Hco – Henrico
  20. Hdy – Hardy (WV)
  21. Hi – Highland
  22. Hry – Henry
  23. Hsn – Harrison (WV)
  24. Hvr – Hanover
  25. IW – Isle of Wight
  26. Jac – Jackson (WV)
  27. JC – James City
  28. Je – Jefferson (WV)
  29. Ka – Kanawha (WV)
  30. KG – King George
  31. KQ – King and Queen
  32. KW – King William
  33. La – Lancaster
  34. Ldn – Loudoun
  35. Lee – Lee
  36. Lew – Lewis (WV)
  37. Li – Lincoln (WV)
  38. Log – Logan (WV)
  39. Lsa – Louisa
  40. Lu – Lunenburg
  41. Mad – Madison
  42. Mas – Mason (WV)
  43. Mat – Mathews
  44. Mc – McDowell (WV)
  45. Mec – Mecklenburg
  46. Mer – Mercer (WV)
  1. Mgl – Monongalia (WV)
  2. Mid – Middlesex
  3. Mnl – Mineral (WV)
  4. Mno – Mingo (WV)
  5. Mon – Montgomery
  6. Mor – Morgan (WV)
  7. Mrn – Marion (WV)
  8. Mro – Monroe (WV)
  9. Msl – Marshall (WV)
  10. Na – Nansemond
  11. Nel – Nelson
  12. Nfk – Norfolk
  13. Nhn – Northampton
  14. Ni – Nicholas (WV)
  15. NK – New Kent
  16. Not – Nottoway
  17. Nud – Northumberland
  18. Oh – Ohio (WV)
  19. Or – Orange
  20. PA – Princess Anne
  21. Pag – Page
  22. Pat – Patrick
  23. Pe – Pendleton (WV)
  24. PE – Prince Edward
  25. PG – Prince George
  26. Pi – Pittsylvania
  27. Pl – Pleasants (WV)
  28. Poc – Pocahontas (WV)
  29. Pow – Powhatan
  30. Pr – Preston (WV)
  31. Pul – Pulaski
  32. Put – Putnam (WV)
  33. PW – Prince William
  34. Ral – Raleigh (WV)
  35. Ran – Randolph (WV)
  36. Rap – Rappahannock
  37. Rbr – Rockbridge
  38. Rhm – Rockingham
  39. Ric – Richmond
  40. Rit – Ritchie (WV)
  41. Rne – Roane (WV)
  42. Rnk – Roanoke
  43. Ru – Russell
  44. Sc – Scott
  45. Sh – Shenandoah
  46. Sm – Smyth
  47. So – Southampton
  1. Sp – Spotsylvania
  2. St – Stafford
  3. Su – Summers (WV)
  4. Sur – Surry
  5. Sus – Sussex
  6. Tay – Taylor (WV)
  7. Taz – Tazewell
  8. Tu – Tucker (WV)
  9. Ty – Tyler (WV)
  10. Up – Upshur (WV)
  11. Was – Washington
  12. Way – Wayne (WV)
  13. Web – Webster (WV)
  14. Wes – Westmoreland
  15. Wet – Wetzel (WV)
  16. Wir – Wirt (WV)
  17. Wis – Wise
  18. Wod – Wood (WV)
  19. Wrn – Warren
  20. Wwk – Warwick
  21. Wy – Wythe
  22. Wyo – Wyoming (WV)
  23. Yor – York
  24. Independent – cities: Alexandria Bristol Buena Vista Charlottesville Clifton Forge Danville Fredericksburg Hampton Harrisonburg Hopewell Lynchburg Newport News Norfolk Petersburg Portsmouth Radford Richmond Roanoke Staunton Suffolk Williamsburg Winchester

Virginia County Map of Road and Highway’s

The Virginia D.O.T. Highway Department has prepared a series of 2016 county road maps. These maps contain more detailed information about man-made features than the geological survey maps. In addition to roads and boundaries, these maps include rural communities, churches, and cemeteries.

These maps are downloadable and are in PDF format. The main use of these are the locations of all known cemeteries in a county and of course the various roads and church locations. These Maps are Free to Download

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