Maps of Alabama

describes the types of maps available as well as historical county boundaries changes, old vintage maps, as well as road / highway maps for all 67 counties in the State of Alabama.

Maps of Alabama

Several types of maps are useful for genealogists. Some give historical background of the area or show migration routes such as roads, rivers, and railroads. Topographical maps show physical features, such as creeks and hills, and man-made features, such as roads, cemeteries, and churches. Plat and land ownership maps and other types of maps are described in United States Maps.

Our collection of old historical Alabama maps span over 200 years of growth.  Most historical maps of Alabama were published in atlases.

State Map of Alabama detailing counties and county seats.

State Map of Alabama detailing counties and county seats.

Within the atlases are historical maps, illustrations, and histories many of which contain family names ideal for genealogical research. Others are rare antique maps dating back as early as 1778.

The Alabama Territory was organized on March 3, 1817. The State of Alabama was created as the 22nd state on December 14, 1819. States bordering Alabama are FloridaGeorgiaMississippi and Tennessee.

Several books of Alabama locations, place-names, boundaries, and maps exist. All of Alabama has been mapped in cooperation with the U.S. Geological Survey and the Geological Survey of Alabama .

These topographic quadrangle maps show selected artificial and natural features as well as the shape and elevation of features. Features include state, county, and municipal boundary lines; townships, ranges, roads, railroads, and buildings; and mountains, valleys, streams, and rivers. The earliest survey maps for Alabama are dated from 1901. Modern maps are indexed at the USGS website.

Another important series of maps for incorporated municipalities is the Sanborn Fire Insurance maps. These maps, include 110 Alabama communities , date from 1884 to 1950.

The maps indicate street names, property boundaries, building use, and, in some cases, property owners. Originals are available in the Library of Congress and in the University of Alabama Library.

A list of nineteenth century maps of the State of Alabama is helpful in identifying and locating early Alabama maps. The list includes the holdings of the library of the Alabama Department of Archives and History, Auburn University in Auburn, the University of Alabama, Samford University, Mobile Public Library, and Birmingham Public Library. Descriptive annotations as well as detailed physical descriptions add to the usefulness of the list.

Map of Alabama County Formations 1818-1980

This Interactive Map of Alabama Counties show the historical boundaries, names, organization, and attachments of every county, extinct county and unsuccessful county proposal from the creation of Alabama in 1818 to 1980.

Alabama contains 67 counties. Alabama Counties were first formed while part of the Mississippi Territory, and after that the Alabama Territory.

Washington County was the first county created on June 4, 1800. The last county to be formed was Houston County on February 9, 1903.


Alabama County Formation Years

Alabama Map Abbreviations

  1. unorg. = unorganized
  2. g. = gained
  3. w. = with
  4. fr. = from
  5. atmt. = attachment
  6. exch = exchanged
  7. nca.= non county area
  8. ch. = changed
  9. Au – Autauga Co.
  10. Bal – Baldwin Co.
  11. Bar – Barbour Co.
  12. Bi – Bibb Co.
  13. Bl – Blount Co.
  14. Bul – Bullock Co.
  15. But – Butler Co.
  16. Cal – Calhoun Co.
  17. Cha – Chambers Co.
  18. Che – Cherokee Co.
  19. Chi – Chilton Co.
  1. Cho – Choctaw Co.
  2. Cle – Cleburne Co.
  3. Clk – Clarke Co.
  4. Cly – Clay Co.
  5. Cof – Coffee Co.
  6. Col – Colbert Co.
  7. Con – Conecuh Co.
  8. Coo – Coosa Co.
  9. Cov – Covington Co.
  10. Cr – Crenshaw Co.
  11. Cu – Cullman Co.
  12. DK – De Kalb Co.
  13. Dle – Dale Co.
  14. Dls – Dallas Co.
  15. El – Elmore Co.
  16. Es – Escambia Co.
  17. Et – Etowah Co.
  18. Fa – Fayette Co.
  19. Fr – Franklin Co.
  1. Ge – Geneva Co.
  2. Gr – Greene Co.
  3. Hal – Hale Co.
  4. He – Henry Co.
  5. Ho – Houston Co.
  6. Ja – Jackson Co.
  7. Je – Jefferson Co.
  8. Lam – Lamar Co.
  9. Lau – Lauderdale Co.
  10. Law – Lawrence Co.
  11. Lee – Lee Co.
  12. Li – Limestone Co.
  13. Lo – Lowndes Co.
  14. Mac – Macon Co.
  15. Mad – Madison Co.
  16. Mgo – Marengo Co.
  17. Mob – Mobile Co.
  18. Mor – Morgan Co.
  19. Mrn – Marion Co.

Alabama County Map of Road and Highway’s

The Alabama Highway Department has prepared a series of county road maps. These maps contain more detailed information about man-made features than the geological survey maps. In addition to roads and boundaries, these maps include rural communities, churches, and cemeteries. The maps are available for a nominal fee from the Alabama Highway Department, Bureau of Planning and Programming, Montgomery, AL 36130.

These maps are downloadable and are in PDF format. The main use of these are the locations of all known cemeteries in a county and of course the various roads and church locations. These Maps are Free to Download.

Old Historical Atlas Maps of Alabama

This Historical Alabama Map Collection are from original copies so you can see Alabama as our ancestors saw them over a hundred years ago. Alabama was at one time part of Georgia and the Mississippi Territory before becoming a state.

Some Alabama map years (not all) have cities, railroads, P.O. locations, township outlines and other features useful to the Alabama researcher.

Alabama Atlas

External Alabama Map Links

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